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What is?

A special form of seborrheic eczema, particularly frequent, is scaling, not always excessive, of the dermis of the scalp, popularly known as dandruff. It produces an annoying situation from the aesthetic point of view.

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Who does it affect?

Seborrheic dermatitis is a very common condition that affects mostly males and begins after puberty, especially after age 20.

Causes

The cells of the scalp as well as the rest of the dermis cells die and are replaced. Certain conditions can cause that the rate of change of the cells to accelerate and instead of being monthly, occurs every 15 days, causing that the fall of the cells be seen.

The most frequent cause is when the fungus Malassezia furfur, responsible for metabolizing human fat, reproduces too quickly, affecting cell renewal.

Other factors to consider are:

  • Family history
  • Food Allergies
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Use of alkaline soaps
  • Mycoses
  • Stress
  • Dyes and / or permanents
  • Climatology

Simptomatology

The most characteristic symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis are:

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Irritation

Treatment

The usual treatment is simple, although the most important thing to preserve the skin without injuries is to perform a maintenance, at least once a week.

Ketoconazole is especially useful to treat seborrheic eczema of the scalp and applied two or three times a week, allows to eliminate dandruff in most occasions.